Shoe insoles and cushions are really made of very soft materials and with their help you can improve your foot condition to a great extent. Try to purchase insoles that can provide maximum comfort and support to your feet while you are walking, jogging or running. While playing rigorous games also, you must consider installing them in your shoes. Another way to treat fallen arches is through foot strengthening. These exercises include gentle stretching of your foot and ankle tendons. You can also do this by standing with your bare feet on a towel and at the same time, grasping it with your toes. This can strengthen your lower extremities. The most obvious symptoms of fallen arches are foot pain and discomfort. You might begin to have difficulty walking comfortably. Your foot might begin to turn out at the ankle, causing you to distribute too much of your body weight over the inner part of your feet. As a result of the decreased support from your arches, you could also experience misalignment of the foot, ankle, knee and lower back. Therefore, the pain of fallen arches extends well beyond your feet. At physical therapy they have you do some strengthen exercises, then lay you down on a table, massage your back and use ultrasound and some electric muscle stimulation. When there is dysfunction in the arch of the foot it causes an unnatural movement of the foot, many times resulting in over pronation, where the foot rolls inward too far when we step. This unnatural rolling of the foot can result in dysfunction and pain not only in the foot and ankle, but also the knees, hips and low back. As such, the feet are usually ignored and are never properly diagnosed as the reason for the dysfunction. Many times, the solution to these imbalances are orthotic arch supports or foot insoles. Flat feet" or fallen arches , is when the base of your feet drops so the complete sole of the foot has contact with the floor or bottom of the shoe when standing or walking. The "normal" or ideal foot has a raised arch on the inside of both feet. The correct way to measure this is in a weight bearing position. Whether you have a true flat foot or have a normal-to-low arch and suffer from over-pronation (like 70% of the population), in both cases your poor walking pattern may contribute to a range of different complaints. The quick and crucial answer to the question, “What’s the difference between flat and flaccid feet?” is that flat feet, though they have fallen arches , retain mobility whereas flaccid feet have lost the ability to move at all. Both conditions are long term consequences of the polio virus, which in its most severe form can lead to paralysis and deformity. Ninety-five percent of the time, the virus never makes it out of the intestinal tract, and so the infected person is spared the more serious symptoms and instead suffers from what feels like symptoms of a common flu or cold.